Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Chlamydia

Possible Symptoms:

Discharge from vagina or penis, Painful urination, or no symptoms

Mode of Transmission:

Semen or vagina fluids

Methods of Diagnosis:

Swab test

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

Yes

Possible Long-Term Effects:

Sterility, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, miscarriage, premature birth, eye infection in newborns, ectopic pregnancy, transmission during birth.

Genital Herpes (Simplex II)

Possible Symptoms:

  • Rash
  • Lumps or sores
  • Flu like symptoms
  • Painful urination
  • Itching
  • None (you may have no symptoms)

Mode of Transmission:

  • Open sores
  • Skin to skin vaginal anal or oral contact

Methods of Diagnosis:

  • Swab test
  • Pap test

    Genital Herpes is not usually diagnosed by a pap smear

  • Visual

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

No

Possible Long-Term Effects:

Transmission during birth

Additional Herpes Information

More information can be found at the Centers for Disease Control

Genital Warts (HPV)

AKA Human Papiloma Virus

Possible Symptoms:

  • Lumps or sores
  • Itching
  • None

Mode of Transmission:

Skin to skin vaginal, anal or oral contact

Methods of Diagnosis:

  • Pap test
  • Visual

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

No

Possible Long-Term Effects:

Some types associated with cervical, penile, vaginal cancers, can obstruct urethra, vagina, and anus, can be transmitted to throat (vocal cords) of newborns during birth.

Gonorrhea

Possible Symptoms:

Discharge from vagina or penis, Painful urination, or no symptoms

Mode of Transmission:

Semen or vagina fluids

Methods of Diagnosis:

Swab test

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

Yes

Possible Long-Term Effects:

Sterility, PID, heart disease, arthritis, miscarriage, premature birth, eye infection in newborns, ectopic pregnancy, transmission during birth.

Hepatitis B (Hep B)

Hepatitis B is also transmitted through saliva. Hepatitis B is the only STI that can be prevented with a vaccine. See your health care provider to be vaccinated.

Possible Symptoms:

  • Flu like symptoms
  • None

Mode of Transmission:

  • Contact with infected blood
  • Semen or vagina fluids

Methods of Diagnosis:

Blood test

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

No

Possible Long-Term Effects

Liver cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, transmission during pregnancy.

HIV / AIDS

HIV/AIDS can also be passed through breast milk.

Possible Symptoms:

  • Rash
  • Lumps or sores
  • Flu like symptoms
  • None

Mode of Transmission:

  • Contact with infected blood
  • Semen or vagina fluids

Methods of Diagnosis:

  • Blood test

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

No

Possible Long-Term Effects:

Currently there is no known cure for HIV or AIDS, chronic health problems.

Pubic Lice

Possible Symptoms:

  • Rash
  • Itching

Mode of Transmission:

Skin to skin vaginal anal or oral contact

Methods of Diagnosis:

Visual

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

Yes

Possible Long-Term Effects:

None

Syphilis

*Syphilis transmission through blood is rare.

Possible Symptoms:

Rash, Lumps or sores, Flu like symptoms or no symptoms

Mode of Transmission:

Contact with infected blood, Semen or vagina fluids, Open sores, Skin to skin vaginal anal or oral contact

Methods of Diagnosis:

Blood test, Swab test

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

Yes

Possible Long-Term Effects:

Heart, brain and other organ damage, nervous system damage, insanity, death, transmission during birth.

Trich (Trichomoniasis)

Possible Symptoms:

  • Discharge from vagina or penis
  • Painful urination
  • Itching
  • None

Mode of Transmission:

Semen or vagina fluids

Methods of Diagnosis:

  • Swab test
  • Pap test

    Trichomoniasis is not usually diagnosed by a pap smear

Is It Treatable?

Yes

Is It Curable?

Yes

Possible Long-Term Effects:

None

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