ZIKA VIRUS FACTS
Zika virus disease is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Zika virus (ZIKV) which causes in general a mild febrile illness with maculo-papular rash. There is no prophylaxis, treatment or vaccine to protect against ZIKV infection. Therefore, preventive personal measures are recommended to avoid mosquito bites during the daytime. Local transmission of ZIKV has not been reported in the continental United States. Pregnant women in any trimester should consider postponing travel to areas of Zika virus transmission.CDC map for areas of concern
Zika virus is transmistted by mosquitoes. It has been isolated from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes and experimental infections show that these species are capable of transmitting ZIKV. Other modes of transmission can be Maternal-fetal, Sexual transmission, and Blood transfusion.
ASSESSMENT & TREATMENT
No specific antiviral therapy or vaccine is currently available. Treatment is supportive (i.e. rest, fluids, analgesics, antipyretics).
ZIKA VIRUS & MICROCEPHALY
Zika virus infection has been identified in several infants born with microcephaly and in early fetal losses. Microcephaly can have many causes, not just Zika virus. Such as, Toxoplasmosis, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), German measles (rubella) and Chickenpox (Varicella).
Pregnant women who must travel to one of these areas should talk to their doctor or other health care provider first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip:
- Use repellent products registered with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
- Do not overuse repellent - only apply as much as your need to provide protection.
- Read and follow label directions before using any kind of repellent.
- Dress in long-sleeved shirts and pants.
- Stay indoors when mosquitoes are most active.
- Aedes mosquitoes are active during the day